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Camel Wool - Fabriclore

Camel Wool

What is Camel Wool ? 

  • Camel wool is a type of fabric derived from the coats of camels.
  • This type of fabric is more commonly known as camel hair, and it is usually derived from a camel subspecies known as the Bactrian camel.
  • These types of camels are common in the Mongol Steppes region, and they can be found across a wide area stretching from Turkey to China and Siberia.
  • Unlike most camels, which are short-haired, Bactrian camels are known for their long, lustrous hair and large twin humps.
  • The camel hair derived from the Bactrian camel consists of two separate portions: The guard hair and the undercoat.
  • The guard hair is hard and coarse, and it doesn't make very good fabric unless it is mixed with another substance like sheep wool.
  • This part of a Bactrian camel's coat protects it from the brutal winters on the Steppes, and in the middle of winter, it gives Bactrian camels a thick and fuzzy appearance.
  • The undercoat is quite soft, and it is used by Bactrian camels much in the same way that fiberglass insulation is used between the inner and outer walls of houses.
  • The undercoat is the portion of the Bactrian camel's hair that is most commonly used to make apparel .

Camel Wool

Image Reference - https://www.moodfabrics.com/rag-bone-natural-camel-hair-coating-325517

History 

  • Camel wool has been used for so long that it is even mentioned in the Bible as a material used to make tents, cloaks, and carpets.
  • This fiber has been used in the West since at least the 17th century, and camel wool suddenly burst into popularity in the late 19th century in England.
  • One of the most popular sports in the British Empire at the time was polo, and camel hair jackets became irresistibly fashionable among polo players almost overnight.
  • Over time, garments made from this fabric were adopted by more and more upper-class British men, and vintage polo jackets made from camel wool are still popular among some collectors.

What Makes it Stand Out 

  • Excellent insulating properties and is warm and comfortable
  • Thermostatic properties
  • It's an expensive fabric & strong
Texture Undercoat fibers are very soft , whereas guard coat fibers are coarse and rough to touch .
Fall Not suitable for drapes
Shine Sheen 
Sheer Opaque

 

 

Applications & Usage 

  • Camel wool is generally separated into three grades: High-grade fibers are usually derived from the undercoat, and only the best undercoat fibers can be considered to be truly high-grade.
  • It is high-grade camel wool fibers that are most commonly used to make consumer textiles.
  • Camel hair is mainly used for high-grade overcoat fabrics and is also made into knitting yarn, knitwear, blankets, and rugs.
  • The coarse outer fibre is strong and is used in industrial fabrics such as machine beltings and presscloths employed in extracting oil from oilseeds.
  • In addition, high-grade camel wool is nearly as soft as cashmere, and it is, in fact, often blended with cashmere to make luxury garments.
  • Rougher camel wool is frequently used to make carpets.
  • Undercoat fibers that aren't considered to be high-grade are usually referred to as medium-grade, and while these fibers may also be used to make apparel like coats and jackets .  
  • The garments that are made with medium-grade fibers are rougher to the touch. 
  • Lastly, low-grade camel hair fibers are usually derived from the guard coat, and these rough and inflexible fibers are only suited for carpets and similarly rigid textiles.
Apparel  Yes
Home Decor   Yes
Accessories   -

Image Reference - https://www.whowhatwear.com/camel-coats

Image Reference - https://orientalrugmart.com/product/indian-heriz-9x12-camel-black-wool-area-rug/

Care Instructions 

  • Camel hair wool can be dry cleaned or hand washed at home safely.
  • Soak in wash basin in cold water using a wool detergent.
  • Rub gently and rinse well in cold water under the tap.
  • Never hang dry.
  • Avoid direct sunlight.
  • Steaming is the best and safest finish to remove wrinkles.
  • Do not Iron, as it will damage the natural pile of the yarns .

Reference Links

https://sewport.com/fabrics-directory/camel-wool-fabric

https://www.britannica.com/topic/camel-hair

https://alohafabricsexport.com/our-products/natural-fabrics/woollen-fabrics/camel-hair-wool/

https://bodikian-textiles.com/product/camel-fawn-light-brown-wool-fabric-medium-weight-wool-suiting-fabric-100-pure-virgin-wool-flannel-coating-jacket-trouser-skirt-fabric/


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