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Coir - Fabriclore

Coir

What is Coir ? 

  • Coir is the fiber derived from coconuts. Coconuts are incredibly versatile because not only are they food, but they can also be used to make other materials, like the coir fabric.
  • It is usually extracted from the coconut’s husk.
  • It is abundantly available in tropical regions.Coir is also called “The Golden Fiber” due to its golden hue once it’s been removed and cleaned from the husk. 

There are generally two types of coconut fiber. These types are categorized on the basis of age and divided into three types based on the length of the fibers . 

  1.  Brown fiber: Brown fibres are extracted from matured coconuts. Brown fibers are thick, strong and have high abrasion resistance.     
  2.  White fiber: White fibers extracted from immature coconuts. White fibers are smoother and finer, but also weaker. Coconut fibers are commercially available in three forms .   
  3. Bristle fiber: These are long fibers.
  4. Mattress fiber: These are relatively short fibers.
  5. Decorticated fibers: These are mixed fibers.

     Brown Coir

     Brown Coir

    Image Reference - https://coirtron.com/coir-suppliers-around-india/

     White Coir

    White Coir 

   Image Reference - https://www.sisalfibre.it/prodotto/white-coir-sisal-cotton-yarn/?lang=en

History 

  • Coir is known as the oldest type of fabric that has been used worldwide throughout history.
  • From Greek sailors to Polynesian navigators, coir has kept both boats and fishermen alive for centuries.
  • The name coir comes from കയർ (kayar), the Malayalam word for cord or rope (traditionally, a kind of rope is made from the coconut fibre).
  • Ropes and cordage have been made from coconut fibre since ancient times.
  • The Austronesian peoples, who first domesticated coconuts, used coconut fibre extensively for ropes and sennit in building houses and lashed-lug plank boats in their voyages in both the Pacific and the Indian Oceans.
  • Later Indian and Arab navigators who sailed the seas to Malaya, China, and the Persian Gulf centuries ago also used coir for their ship ropes.
  • Arab writers of the 11th century AD referred to the extensive use of coir for ship ropes and rigging.
  • A coir industry in the UK was recorded before the second half of the 19th century.
  • During 1840, Captain Widely, in co-operation with Captain Logan and Mr. Thomas Treloar, founded the known carpet firms of Treloar and Sons in Ludgate Hill, England, for the manufacture of coir into various fabrics suitable for floor coverings .

What Makes it Stand Out 

  • Natural fiber - friendly to the environment
  • Biodegradable
  • Resistant to saltwater
  • Resiliency
  • Durable
  • flame-retardant
  • Can withstand harsh weather
Texture   Rough
Fall  Not suitable for drapes
Shine  Dull
Sheer  Opaque

  

Applications & Usage 

  • Coir is versatile, it can be used to make several items – from mats and rugs to apparel.
  • Excellent material for making fishnets and ropes used for fishing. It’s also a material that every boat will most likely have because of its durability.
  • White coir is used mainly to make mats and marine ropes. Some of them are even used as an alternative for peat moss.
  • On the other hand, brown coir is used mainly to make mattresses, brushes, sacks, rugs, and even doormats. It’s a good material for upholstery, and automobile companies have used it as cushioning for car seats. It’s also used for packaging and insulation purposes. It is also used in making idols . 
Apparel  -
Home Decor  Yes
Accessories  Yes

Brushes made of Coir bristles

Image Reference - https://etbykayal.com/product-category/cleaning-accessories/

Door mats made of brown coir

Image Reference - https://www.grandinroad.com/area-rugs-door-mats/?

Rope made of white coir

Image Reference - https://www.alibaba.com/product-detail/Sales-Coconut-fibre-oconut-coir-Vietnam_1600165394275.html

Innovations 

  • Coir may be the most durable material, but it’s still not being widely used in apparel.
  • However, more companies are starting to explore the idea. This is because fast fashion hasn’t been very friendly to the environment.
  • The manufacturing process alone is contributing to global warming.
  • Moreover, the products themselves are contributing to the plastic waste problem.
  • Using coir in apparel is made possible by mixing it with polyester. This fabric blend results in apparel that can offer UV protection while drying fast and keeping you cool at the same time.
  • The most popular use for this is in sportswear, but it is slowly working its way to be used in other types as well.

Care Instructions 

  • To clean coir, you will need to spot-clean it. You can do this by using a gentle soap bar. Wash it and work on the stained area.
  • To remove the soap, use a wet cloth, preferably lint-free.
  • Slowly rub the cloth on the stain.
  • Dampen the cloth now and then and repeat the whole process until the residue has been thoroughly removed.
  • Let it dry before using again.
  • You can also deodorize them using cloth fresheners and spray.
  • Store them away from other items as well. Make sure to separate them from your apparel and other clothes.

Reference Links 

https://blog.treasurie.com/what-is-coir/ https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coir

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coir

https://textilelearner.net/coconut-coir-fiber-properties-manufacturing/

https://www.pthorticulture.com/en/training-center/coir-a-component-of-growing-media/


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