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Hemp Fabric - Fabriclore

Hemp Fabric

What is Hemp Fabric? 

  • Hemp fabric is a type of textile that is made using fibers from the stalks of the Cannabis sativa plant.
  • The stalks of the hemp plant consist of two layers: The outer layer is formed from rope-like bast fibers, and the inner layer consists of a woody pith.
  • Only the outer layer of the Cannabis sativa stalk is used for textile purposes.

Hemp Fabric

Image Reference - https://www.designscene.net/2021/05/hemp-fabric-sustainable.html

Cannabis sativa plant

History 

  • For thousands of years, hemp was traditionally used as an industrial fiber.
  • Sailors relied upon hemp cordage for strength to hold their ships and sails, and the coarseness of the fiber made hemp useful for canvas, sailcloth, sacks, rope, and paper.
  • There is even mention of hemp in the Vedas, referring to it as one of five sacred plants of India.
  • In fact, hemp is quite native to India as the plant grows abundantly in the Northern state of Uttarakhand.
  • In the 16th century, King Henry VIII imposed fines on farmers who weren’t growing hemp and in the 18th century, the American Declaration of Independence was written on hemp paper.
  • There are many such examples of hemp showing its importance and immense uses in the olden days.
  • The hemp fabric history started long ago – about 10,000 years ago and has developed a lot ever since.
  • Archeologists found remnants of hemp cloth in Iraq, that had been spun around 8,000 BC.
  • The Europeans had learned about this material in 1,200 BC and the knowledge spead around the continent extremely fast.
  • The Chinese knew about the hemp material benefits too: around 2700 BC the legendary Chinese emperor Shen Nung taught his citizens to cultivate Cannabis sativa and to weave clothing out of it.
  • The country is now considered to have the longest history of hemp cultivation  around 6000 years .

What Makes it Stand Out 

  • Extraordinarily tensile and durable
  • Hemp has built-in UV protection It is wrinkle-resistant .
  • It is an insulator
  • Breatable , high absorbency anti-bacterial / anti-microbial properties & rash resistant .
  • It won’t grow mold or mildew if it gets wet.
Texture  Once it is processed into fabric, hemp is has a similar texture to cotton, but it also feels somewhat like canvas.
Fall  Drapable
Shine  Dull
Sheer  Opaque

 

Applications & Usage 

  • Garments commonly made with hemp include dresses, skirts, pants, jackets, T-shirts, hoodies, and clothing for children.
  • In particular, this type of fabric is highly popular for T-shirts since it is resistant to wear and tear. Most cotton T-shirts start to warp, shrink, or fall apart after comparably few washes, but hemp T-shirts retain their shape and integrity for years and years.
  • It is even used in home textiles - tablecloths, upholstery, and dish towels . 
Apparel Yes
Home Decor  Yes
Accessories  -
Hemp jacket
Hemp table cover

Innovations 

  • Today, hemp fabrics have found applications across various categories like home decor, fashion, accessories, bath linen and can even be used for making products like sanitary pads, diapers, eco wraps etc.
  • Many brands and designers around the world are opening up to the wonders of hemp and its long-term benefits on the planet.
  • Companies like Hemp Fabric Lab and Bombay Hemp Company in Mumbai are on a mission to educate designers and consumers about hemp and help them make “healthier” fashion choices.
  • When it comes to slow fashion, hemp is definitely the one to watch out for.

Care Instructions 

  • Wash cold ,unless stained.
  • Hemp is durable and does not require hand washing.
  • For stains, use detergent directly or presoak, and use warmer water.
  • Don't expose clothing to dryer heat or iron until you’re sure the stain's gone.
  • Dry cleaning is ineffective. The hemp in the fabric responds better to washing.
  • Keep darks separate.
  • Avoid setting wrinkles by removing promptly from the washer/dryer.
  • Over-drying actually increases and sets wrinkles in hemp.
  • If you air dry, arrange the garment on a hanger, smoothing the collar, pockets and hems, as needed.
  • Heat and moisture remove wrinkles, so spritz or dampen in the shower or throw in the dryer for a few minutes to relax wrinkles.
  • If you iron, use fairly high heat. Test on the reverse side to prevent shine, especially on darker shades.
  • Hemp is tough: it wears in, not out and grows softer with use. A couple of dryer balls or tennis balls in a cool dryer hasten the process. That goes double for undyed Natural items.
  • Avoid chlorine bleaches on hemp. Oxy bleach products work better and are more Earth-friendly.

Reference Links 

https://sewport.com/fabrics-directory/hemp-fabric

https://www.himalayanhemp.in/post/hemp-fabrics-and-their-benefits

https://hempfabriclab.com/blogs/news/how-hemp-fabric-making-a-comeback-after-10-000-years

https://timeshempcompany.com/2017/01/hemp-fabric-history-first-clothing-made/

https://www.sympaticoclothing.com/blog/how-to-care-for-hemp-clothing/

https://www.thestar.com.my/lifestyle/style/2021/05/20/hemp-is-becoming-the-fashionable-alternative-to-conventional-fabrics

 


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