What is Lame Fabric ?
- Lame fabric is a type of cloth with metallic threads.
- It is usually made of natural materials like silk, viscose, cotton, wool or synthetic fibers like polyester, polyamide, nylon.
- Over the years, textile manufacturers have developed a wide range of different types of lamé fabric.
Here are a few examples:
- Tissue lamé : This type of lamé fabric is so thin that it almost resembles tissue paper. Commonly featuring lamé yarn interspersed with mylar, this incredibly lightweight form of lamé very rarely features genuine gold or silver fibers.
- Hologram lamé : By employing a specific weaving pattern combined with specially coated yarn, hologram lamé achieves an iridescent, holographic effect. It’s possible to make this multicolored fabric using either genuine or imitation lamé.
- Pearl lamé : Similar to hologram lamé, pearl lamé also has an iridescent sheen. However, the sheen of pearl lamé more closely resembles the coloration of mother-of-pearl. This type of lamé can be either imitation or genuine.
- Liquid lamé : Named for its flowing texture and excellent drape, liquid lamé looks watery and sensual when worn close to the skin. Most types of liquid lamé do not feature real gold or silver.
- Guipe : Some fabric manufacturers and designers contend that genuine lamé can only be made with pure metallic fibers and that garments featuring textile yarn with wound metal ribbons are instead “guipé.” Since almost all lamé now features metal ribbons wound around textile yarn, however, this distinction is no longer very relevant.
- Precious metal lamé : While incredibly expensive, only lamé made using genuine gold, silver, platinum, or another precious metal can truly be considered “cloth of gold.”
- Aluminum or imitation lamé: Lamé consisting of aluminum wound around rayon, polyester, or another type of synthetic textile fiber may be significantly less expensive than genuine lamé, but it’s not as lustrous or beautiful as the genuine article.
Types of Lame images
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- ‘Lame’ in translation from French is a ‘metal plate’. This fabric came to us from antiquity, it was mentioned in ancient Assyrian cuneiform writings , between 2500 BC and 600 AD .
- Some of the oldest Assyrian cuneiform records report the existence of a fabric made from gold or silver that was worn exclusively by royalty.
- Due to the high cost of precious metals, access to lamé fabric remained limited to individuals of means throughout the vast majority of this textile’s history.
- Lamé became reasonably popular among the elite of practically every major civilization to emerge on the Eurasian continent throughout the centuries, and in Europe, this fabric became known as the “cloth of gold” due to both its incorporation of gold fibers and its resemblance to gold coins or jewelry.
- Cloth of gold is mentioned explicitly on Roman headstones, and this fabric also appears in the Bible. Some scholars suggest that the “Golden Fleece,” which plays an important role in Greek myth, may have also been lamé.
- Many European ecclesiastical garments featured gold thread.
- In modern times, lamé experienced a brief resurgence of popularity in the 1920s when the decadence of the flapper movement revitalized interest in gaudy or expensive fabrics.
- Lamé became popular again in the 1960s when movie stars and musicians like Marilyn Monroe and Elvis Presley frequently donned lamé garments.
- By this point, however, it had become possible to produce fabrics that resembled gold or silver lamé using synthetic materials and aluminum, which significantly reduced the exclusivity of this type of fabric .
What Makes it Stand Out
- High luster
- Excellent drapability
- Conductive qualities
|Texture||Silky and slippery|
|Fall||Excellent drape and fall|
Applications & Usage
- Genuine lamé is commonly used to make handbags, shoes, evening wear, and dresses along with men’s neckties.
- While genuine lamé is generally reserved for high-end, fashionable garments,hand bags and it’s easier to find imitation lamé used in women’s jeans, skirts, and blouses. This type of fabric is especially popular in garments designed for girls, young women, and elderly women.
- Due to its eye-catching appeal, costume designers commonly use lamé as a material for theatrical productions.
- Lamé is also used in the sport of fencing due to its conductive qualities.
New Age Innovations
- High-fashion designers, appear to be irreconcilably enamoured with the unique attributes of genuine lamé, and imitation lamé has become a popular material for costumes—especially within the international cosplay (costume-play) community.
- Traditionally, lamé fabric was produced with gold that was beaten into long, thin strips and wound around a silk core. In many cases, gold used for lamé production was mixed with other metals, such as silver, to improve its strength and durability. Mixing gold with silver, however, causes the resulting alloy to tarnish over time, reducing the beauty of genuine gold lamé garments.
- Today, textile manufacturers generally coat gold lamé thread with a type of clear plastic to increase its strength and prevent tarnishing.
- It is still common practice, however, to use an alloy featuring both gold and silver to improve the durability of the lamé thread.
- Up until the mid-20th century, gold lamé fabrics remained prone to tarnishing, but this is no longer an issue. Similar coatings are applied to silver or platinum lamé.
Judge the Authenticity
- Genuine Lame can be considered as one of the most expensive fabrics in the world , due to which imitatation lame fabrics have into the market .
- Imitation and genuine lamé sell for wildly different prices with authentic “cloth of gold” being one of the world’s most expensive fabrics and imitation lamé being one of the cheapest.
- Not washable, it is for dry-clean only.
- It is not recommended to iron lame cloth because the heat can melt metallic fibers.
- The same applies to a clothes dryer. Keep your lame apparel from direct heat or sunlight.
- If you have to remove wrinkles, use an iron at the lowest setting and press from the wrong side of the garment. Use a pressing cloth between the fabric and iron.
- Moisture also may cause tarnishing of the metallic yarn, so keep it in a dry place.
- Lame is prone to snagging and fraying. Be careful when wearing a lame cloth, even a small snag can damage your stunning lame garment.
- As for handbags and shoes, it is better to wipe them away with a soft cloth after every use.