What is Linen?
Linen is similar to cotton; it is made from fibers derived from the stems of the flax plant instead of the balls that grow around cotton seeds desirable in hot and humid climates.
Linen is a Bast fiber. Linen is more biodegradable than cotton fabric if linen is buried in soil it will degrade in few weeks.
There are two varieties of flax fiber: shorter tow fibers used for coarser fabrics and longer line fibers used for finer fabrics. Vintage linen is very desirable, it’s soft and the feeling is very hard to replicate by any mechanical process.
Flax fibers can usually be identified by their “nodes” which add to the flexibility and texture of the fabric. Flax fibers vary in length from about 25 to 150 mm (1 to 6 in) and average 12–16 micrometers in diameter.
Flax is grown in many parts of the world, but top quality flax is grown in Western European countries and Ukraine.
- Dyed flax fibers are found in a prehistoric cave in Georgia which is evidence that woven linen fabrics from wild flax were used some 36,000 years ago.
- Fragments of straw, seeds, fibers, yarns, and various types of fabrics have also been found in Swiss lake dwellings that date from 8000 BC.
- In ancient Egypt linen was used for mummification and for burial shrouds because it symbolized light and purity as well as wealth. Linen was so valued in ancient Egypt that it was used as currency in some cases.
- Linen was also produced in ancient Mesopotamia and reserved for higher classes. It always had high cost because it was always difficult to work with the thread (flax thread is not elastic and it is very difficult to weave it into a cloth without breaking threads) and also because the flax plant requires a lot of attention during cultivation.
- The first evidence of a linen comes from the Linear B tablets of Pylos, Greece, where linen hast its own ideogram and is also written as ""li-no"" in Greek. The Phoenicians, who had their merchant fleet, brought flax growing and the making of linen into Ireland. Majority of the world's linen was produced there during the Victorian era.
- About linen was mentioned in Bible that angles used to wear linen fabric.
What Makes it Stand Out
- Linen is strongest natural fiber in the world.
- It is 30% thicker and stronger than cotton fabric in fact, they are used in paper money, and were once woven into armor by ancient Greeks.
- Linen has inbuilt insect-repellant properties so you should have nothing to fear from moths or other nibbly creatures because it wicks moisture and dries out much faster than cotton, it doesn't let bacteria build up.
- Linen fabric gain and loses water rapidly, so it can absorb moisture without feeling unpleasantly damp to the skin.
- Environmentally friendly – less water and chemicals to cultivated. Linen has inbuilt insect-repellant properties so you should have nothing to fear from moths or other nibbly creatures.
|Texture||Soft and smooth|
Application & Usage
Linen fabric is used in women’s clothing and household items like tablecloth, curtains and soft furnishing.
How to Judge the Authenticity of Linen?1. Linen is stiff after washing: After washing of linen fabric this gives the fabric stiffness & crispness.
2. Linen is resistant to ironing: It wrinkled easily and is difficult difficult to iron smooth. It requires the heat of the highest iron setting and dampness to iron smooth.
3. The burn test: If unsure that it is linen can do burn test. Use candle and touch the flame to fabric. Linen will burn with a yellow flame. It will smell like burnt grass. It will leave white ash. Polyester will melt into a lump of plastic.
Care Instructions of Linen
- Linen can be washed in a washing machine at 40°C on a gentle cycle or linen wash setting.
- Feel free to use machine dry linen fabric or textile, as long as you stick to low temperatures. Remove from the dryer and hang or lie flat to finish off the drying process.
- Iron the fabric at medium temperature to avoid wrinkles after washing.
- Store the linen fabric in cool, dry place.