What is Tussar?
(also known as Tasar/Tussah etc) is a type of wild silk produced primarily in the states of West Bengal, Bihar and Jharkhand. It is produced from silkworms called antherea mylitta that feed on the leaves of the arjun and asan
plants (each variety of silk is distinguished by the type of silkworms producing the silk yarn along with the leaves they eat).
- Tussar silk was a discovery of the medieval times. Before that t there wasn’t any trace of Silk being made out of any other natural or artificial object in place of mulberry fed Silk works.
- The cost difference between Tussar silk and other forms of silk arises from the fact that the former is not fed on mulberry. In fact it is the rearing of the Tusser silk worms that makes them a cheaper variety. That said, Tussah silk is as illustrious a variety as any other.
What Makes it Stand Out
- Clothes made of tussar silk have unique thermal properties - they keep warm in winter and cool in summer.
- It can be easily blended with cotton, wool, linen or other silks.
Application & Usage
- The saree is the most important Tussar silk product.
- It is used as a base material for handicrafts, furnishing fabrics, and stitched apparel.
- The short silk fibers are typically dissolved in lye water, which is then added to oils to make soap.
How to Judge the Authenticity of Tussar
- Burn few threads from the material with flame.
- Original silk burns with the smell of burnt hair.
- When edge of real silk fabric burn, the flame is invisible and it will stop burning as soon as the flame is removed.
- The ash produced is black, crispy and brittle.
Care Instructions of Tussar
- Dry clean the Tussar silk fabric.
- Avoid wrapping the fabric in plastic bags.