Leather

Leather

What is Leather?

  • Leather is any fabric that is made from animal hides or skins. Different leathers result from different types of animals and different treatment techniques.
  • While cowhide is the most popular type of animal skin used for leather, comprising about 65 percent of all leather produced, almost any animal can be made into leather, from crocodiles to pigs to stingrays.
  • Leather is a durable, wrinkle-resistant fabric, and it can take on many different looks and feels based on the type of animal, grade, and treatment.

History

  • Leather making is an ancient art that has been practiced for more than 7,000 years. Fresh skins were dried in the sun, softened by pounding in animal fats and brains, and preserved by salting and smoking.
  • Beginning with simple drying and curing techniques, the process of vegetable tanning was developed by the Egyptians and Hebrews about 400 bc. During the Middle Ages the Arabs preserved the art of leather making and so improved it that morocco and cordovan became highly prized leathers.
  • By the 15th century, leather tanning was once more widespread in Europe, and, by the mid-19th century, power-driven machines that performed such operations as splitting, fleshing, and dehairing were introduced. Toward the end of the 19th century, chemical tannage—which included the use of oak, sumac, and hemlock tanbark and chrome salts—was introduced.

What makes it stand out?

  • High tensile strength.
  • Resistance to tear.
  • High resistance to flexing.
  • High resistance to puncture.
  • Good heat insulation.
  • Permeability to water vapor

Properties

  • Water-Resistant.
  • Thickness.
  • Softness.
  • Water Absorption & Desorption (release of absorbed moisture).
  • Water Vapor Permeability.
  • Aesthetics & Surface Pattern.
  • Heat Insulation

Application and uses

Leather is used frequently for clothing items like leather jackets, leather pants, leather dresses, leather blouses, and more

Care instructions

  • Detergent - Gentle detergent
  • Water Temperature - Cold to warm
  • Cycle Type - Delicate or hand-wash
  • Drying Cycle - Air-dry
  • Special Treatments Condition to prevent cracking
  • Iron Settings - Low

Reference link

https://www.masterclass.com/articles/learn-about-leather

 


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