What is Mohair?
- Mohair is a soft wool that comes from the hair of the Angora goat. Some call mohair the “diamond fiber,” as the wool is characterized by a distinct luster and sheen. When blended with other textiles, like alpaca or merino, mohair lends that luster to the fibers.
- The diameter of the fiber increases with the age of the goat, and the thinner fibers from young goats are used more for clothing, like sweaters, while the thicker, coarser fibers are used for carpets, upholstery, drapery fabric, and outerwear. Mohair is more expensive than standard sheep’s wool because the production process is more involved, and as a result, it is considered a luxury fiber, similar to cashmere or Angora.
- Mohair originated in the mountains of Tibet, where the Angora goat originally lived. The Angora goat was introduced to Turkey in the sixteenth century, in the Turkish province of Ankara where the name “angora” comes from.
- Angora goats were farmed almost exclusively in Ankara until 1849, when the goat was given as a gift to a United States cotton farmer for his service helping Turkey cultivate cotton.
- Today, the mohair industry is centered around South Africa, which is the largest farmer of angora goats and exporter of mohair, along with Argentina, Turkey, and the U.S. state of Texas. To a lesser extent, Australia and New Zealand also produce and export mohair.
What makes it stand out?
- Resistant to creases and moisture. It stretches well.
- Good insulating properties.
- Dyes exceptionally well. Is durable, resilient and lightweight.
- It is very warm to wear.
- High lustre and sheen.
Application and uses
Mohair is used in scarves, winter hats, suits, sweaters, coats, socks and home furnishing. Mohair fiber is also found in carpets, wall fabrics.
Soak in tepid water using mild detergent recommended for washing wool, or even hair shampoo. Very gently agitate by hand to dislodge dirt particles. Do not agitate unduly. Rinse in clean, cool water.