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Bengaline Silk - Fabriclore

Bengaline Silk

What is Bengaline Silk?

  • Bengaline is a rayon-and-cotton material , which became fashionable for women and children to wear in the 1880s and 1890s. 
  • It offered the impression of genuine silk ,but was made with lesser amounts of silk than cotton.
  • The processing of Bengaline may involve a single fabric or two fabrics crossover.
  • The materials in weaving decide whether the final fabric is heavy or light.


  • Many decades ago, in the remote areas of India, Bengal, Bengaline Fabric was manufactured.
  • The French merchants were unable to assess the beauty of this fabric, but they imported it from India and introduced it to the emerging fashion world.
  • It wasn’t until the end of the 19th Century that Europeans were able to evaluate the worth of this fine fabric correctly.
  • The designers and women were unable to resist its gorgeous look and practicality as it was priced more reasonably than the natural silk and had equally remarkable properties.
  • The great nobility was granted to this fabric as Bengaline was initially made from the fine silk threads.
  • Later, the prices seemed too high, and the silk threads were replaced with other fabrics’ derivatives to cool down the boiled-up prices!

State of West Bengal , from where the fabric originated

Image Reference -

What Makes it Stand Out?

  • The fabric has a ribbed surface running across the warp (from selvedge to selvedge), which makes it feel sturdier than it is .
  • The fabric is stretchy and durable.
  • Can be easily dyed.
Texture Ribbed
Fall Drapable
Shine  Shiny 
Sheer Opaque

 Peach Bengaline Silk fabric

 Image Reference -

Applications & Uses

  • Fancy dresses, skirts, wedding gowns, and cocktail dresses and childrens clothing can be made out of Bengaline.
  • Its flattering property and durability make it perfect for coats, suit pants, and adhesive materials.
  • Used in draperies.
Apparel Yes
Home Furnishing  Yes
Accessories  -


Care Instructions

  • Bengaline Fabric does not respond well to machine wash and drying.
  • You must prewash this fabric as it tends to shrink a considerable amount.
  • Hang dry this fabric and choose the wool ironing temperature setting when you iron the wrinkles out.
  • Keep this fabric away from excessive heat and corrosive chemicals.

Reference Links /bengaline-fabric-history- properties-uses-care-where -to-buy/

https://www.nimblefree fabric-characteristics/ /wiki/Bengaline

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