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Damask Fabric - Fabriclore

Damask Fabric

What is Damask Fabric?

  • Damask fabric is named for Damascus, which is where this textile product originated. Known for its intricate and reversible patterns, damask fabric is prized for its ornateness.
  • These days, however, it’s easy to make incredibly complex damask patterns with modern textile machines.
  • Traditionally, damask fabric was made from silk, cotton, or wool, but synthetic damask weaves are now available also.
  • Damasks are woven with one warp yarn and one weft yarn, usually with the pattern in warp-faced satin weave and the ground in weft-faced or sateen weave.

Intricate Damask floral patterns

Image Reference - https://www.aliexpress.com/item/32895318052.html

History

  • The first mention of “damask” in the West was in a document from 14th-century France. At the time, nations within the borders of modern France and Italy were the mercantile centers of the world, so most types of textiles were inspected and categorized by French merchants at one point or another.
  • It’s unclear exactly when the peoples of the Middle East started weaving fabric in damask patterns, but historians have long recorded that damask, tabby, twill, tapestry, and lampas are the five main textile products of the glory days of Byzantium and Arabia. By the Middle Ages, the popularity of this fabric style lessened everywhere aside from Spain, which remained occupied by Muslims until the 15th century.
  • While silk remained the most popular damask material throughout the Renaissance and Enlightenment, weavers still experimented with woolen and cotton damasks as well. In Western Europe, the silkworms of Asia were very far away, so silk damasks became something of a luxury item reserved for nobility.

What Makes it Stand Out?

  • Durable : The tight weave also makes damask incredibly strong and durable, making it great for clothing and items in the home that get regular wear, such as upholstered chairs and couches.
  • Reversible. Damask is also reversible—the pattern is reflected on both sides.
Texture medium - heavy weighed , soft
Fall Structured Fall 
Shine  Luster
Sheer Opaque

Application and Uses

  • Table linen - Damask is used for table sets, like napkins, table runners, and tablecloths .
  • Damask is used for clothing items, like decorative jackets or evening gowns.
  • Damask is also popular for fashion accessories like scarves and handbags.
  • Home decor - Wallpaper.
Apparel Yes
Home Furnishing  Yes
Accessories Yes

 Damask curtains

Image Reference - https://www.decorpad.com/bookmark.htm?bookmarkId=9744

Damask wallpaper

 Image Reference - https://onshopdeal.com/products/3d-embossed-striped-damask-wall-paper-rolls-luxury-european-style-wallpaper-roll-for-walls-living-room-bedroom-decor-wall-papers

New Age Innovations

  • These days, damask has lost some of its grandeur since it’s plentiful and cheap to make.
  • Especially with the advent of petrochemical fibers in the 20th century, damask fabric is now as inexpensive as it is easy to source.
  • The invention of the computerized Jacquard loom made it possible to automate damask weaving, which has reduced costs and improved accessibility to damask textiles even further.

How to Judge the Authenticity 

  • Damask is reversible—the pattern is reflected on both sides.

Care Instructions

  • These fabrics should be hand washed or washed using a washer's delicate cycle with cool water and a mild detergent.
  • If using the delicate cycle, place the damask fabric in a mesh laundry bag to prevent the possibility of snags.
  • Don’t use bleach on damask.
  • If you are washing a damask garment, like a blazer, you might want to dry clean to avoid ruining the internal structure of the piece.
  • Tumbled dry onto medium-low heat.
  • Always use a pressing cloth between the iron and the damask fabric to prevent the snagging of the looser, floating threads. 

Reference links

https://www.thespruce.com/care-for-damask-linens-and-clothes-2146313

https://sewport.com/fabrics-directory/damask-fabric

https://www.masterclass.com/articles/everything-to-know-about-damask-fabric-history-characteristics-


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