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Fur / Faux Fur - Fabriclore

Fur / Faux Fur

What is Fur / Faux Fur ? 

  • The fabric obtained from long-haired animals is called fur fabric.
  • The fur from which mammals are collected is not generally accepted as a by-product of the meat industry.
  • Most fur is collected from mink animals. Fur is also collected from foxes. In addition, fur is collected from various species of animals such as Rabbit, Muskrat. At present fur is also collected from mongoose.
  • Faux fur fabrics are also known as fake fur, mock fur and artificial fur.
  • Unlike genuine fur obtained from animals such as mink, beaver, weasel, rabbit or fox, these fabrics are made of synthetic fibers and are 100% cruelty-free. Faux fur is used commonly these days than real fur . 
  • Since artificial fur is created to imitate “reality”, it can be divided into the types of animal fur it looks and feels like.
  • Some of the most popular kinds are faux rabbit, faux fox, faux shearling, sheepskin and sherpa.
  • Luxury faux fur fabrics include fake mink, chinchilla, sable, lynx, beaver, ermine, marten and leopard.
  • Each fur fabric has a distinct pile which can vary in length and softness. It also has a distinct nap . It refers to the direction in which the pile is leaning, and it’s very important to follow the nap when cutting and sewing your faux fur.
  • The range available on the market today includes: long pile faux fur, medium pile faux fur, short pile faux fur, also known as low pile .  

History 

  • Humans first began wearing clothing made out of animal pelts and fur about 170,000 years ago. Since then, fur clothing and fur accessories have become a symbol of wealth, luxury, and high fashion.
  •  European Luxury Furs in the 11 th Century As early as the 11 th century, fur was worn as a symbol of wealth and social status rather than just out of the need for warmth.
  • European royalty regularly wore fur coats, fur capes, and fur accessories made from mink, sable, and chinchilla fur.
  • By the 1300s, laws were introduced that regulated which social classes were allowed to wear which types of furs.
  • Fur Rose in Popularity During Victorian Era The fashion industry’s increasing demand for luxury furs lead to the development of fur farms by the 1870s.
  • The fur coats that were worn by Victorian men typically were lined with fur on the inside and crafted of other materials on the outside. Women’s fur coats were generally lined with fur at the collar, wrists, and hem.
  • The use of luxury furs in movies further increased the popularity of fur coats and fur accessories.
  • By the 1950s Fur Became More Affordable and Casual By the 1950s, most film stars were spotted wearing luxury furs in movies and in their private lives.
  • While the price of fur began to climb, designers also began creating more casual looks with fur. Fur coats became shorter, and it was acceptable to wear furs during the daytime.
  • By the 1960s, fur was more affordable than ever, and designers even began crafting faux fur coats and accessories.

What Makes it Stand Out 

  • Tremendously popular, they are indispensable when it comes to chic and cozy outerwear.
  • Faux fur has been a hit among fashion designers. The importance of environmental care has stimulated the production of these imitation fabrics and made them popular all over the world, especially with vegans and people who support animal rights.
  • The eco trend has evolved so greatly over the recent years, that many producers of real fur garments intentionally design them to look artificially.
Texture   Soft , furry 
Fall  Not suitable for drapes
Shine  Subtle sheen
Sheer  Opaque

 

Applications & Usage 

  • Fur fabric is commonly used to make winter clothing.
  • Different types of fashionable jackets, mufflers are made with fur. It is commonly known as expensive clothing.
  • Also used in making shawls, winter blanket with fur fabric.
  • Currently pillow covers, mats, rugs etc. are being made with this fabric . 
Apparel    Yes
Home Decor    Yes
Accessories    Yes

 Fur blanket

Image Reference - https://www.ubuy.co.in/product/F5R9E7JQ-battilo-home-51-x-67-inches-luxury-white-fox-faux-fur-throw-blanket-pure-white-130x170cm

Fur mat
Fur clothing

  

How to Judge the Authenticity 

  • If you want 100% imitation fur, check the base of the fabric. Just spread the fur with your fingers and see what’s inside: a fabric backing is what gives it away.
  • If you see leather or animal skin, this is not the guilt-free material you’re looking for.
  • Study the tips of the fibers. Synthetic ones are machine-cut and, hence, blunt, while real fur hairs are pointed.
  • The burn test - If possible, cut out a few piles, put them onto a flame-proof item (e.g., a stone, ceramic plate or tile, or thick metal bar) and burn them up.
  • Taste the smell and look at the ashes. If it reminds you of burnt hair, the fur is natural. If the odour is more of melted plastic or paper — the fur is either of acrylic or cotton, linen or rayon origin.
  • Stick a pin into the ground. If it goes through easily — that's faux fur, as synthetic base has smooth fibres that are typically elastic enough to let the metal pin go in between them.
  • However, if you have to push heavily onto the pin — the resistant material is leather, which is 100% sign of natural fur applied. Less reliable, yet still quite common feature of faux fur fabrics is their lighter weight. 

Care Instructions 

  • Hand-washing with gentle detergent is the best choice for washing any type of faux fur item.
  • Fully submerge the faux fur in the detergent solution. Swish the fur through the water for 10–15 minutes.
  • Avoid excessive agitation and wringing.
  • Drain and Rinse , remove excess water by rolling up in a absorbent cloth ot towel .
  • Drip dry. Don't put faux fur in a clothes dryer on a heated setting. Heat can melt the faux fur fibers and cause them to fuse and become matted.
  • Once this has happened, the damage can't be reversed.
  • Use a soft-bristled brush to gently brush any matted fur and lift the fibers.

Reference Links 

https://textilelearner.net/fur-fabric-types-manufacturing/

https://www.andrianafurs.com/our-blog/2016/02/the-early-history-of-fur-in-fashion/

https://www.thespruce.com/how-to-clean-faux-fur-coats-2145795

https://tissura.com/articles/faux-fur


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